Exploring Job Opportunities 

Every presidential administration has about 4,000 positions to fill. Starting early, particularly by familiarizing yourself with the process and the required financial disclosure and background investigation forms, will give you an advantage. We have the forms and the resources you need. Learn about the types of political appointments, positions and benefits, and how to get started in this section.

Types of Appointments Researching Jobs Top Tips Employee Benefits

Types of Appointments 

Presidential appointments requiring Senate confirmation (PAS) 
Positions and Pay
PositionsPay
Approximately 1,200 positions 
Top-level senior positions such as agency heads and top deputies, general counsels, U.S. attorneys, and most U.S. ambassadors.
For each full-time PAS position, pay is set by statute and is not negotiable. The five levels of pay in the Executive Schedule are:

Level I: $219,200
Level II: $197,300
Level III: $181,500
Level IV: $170,800
Level V: $160,100

To find the pay levels for specific positions, see the positions lists in the Plum Book
Appointments not requiring Senate confirmation 
Positions and Pay
  • A wide range of positions such as senior-level agency managers, White House advisors, legislative and public affairs staff, special assistants and some part-time members of boards and commissions.
  • Do not require Senate confirmation.

Presidential appointments not requiring Senate confirmation (PA)

PositionsPay
Approximately 450 positions 

Senior-level positions within the Executive Office of the President such as senior White House aides and advisors.

Part-time seats on many boards and commissions.
The salaries are set by agency heads and fall within the range of the Senior Executive Service pay schedule, $131,239 to $197,300.

Many part-time appointments are unpaid.

Non-Career Senior Executive Service (NC-SES)

PositionsPay
Approximately 750 positions 

Key positions just below the top presidential appointees, serving as links between the top appointees and the rest of the federal workforce.

While approximately 90% of senior executives are career civil servants, up to 10 percent government-wide may be political appointees. However, some positions are designated as “career-reserved” and cannot be filled by political appointees.

For more information on the Senior Executive Service, see the resources available from the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
The salaries are set by agency heads and fall within the range of the Senior Executive Service pay schedule, $131,239 to $197,300.
Many part-time appointments are unpaid.

Confidential or Policy-Making Positions (Schedule Cs)

PositionsPay
Approximately 1,500 positions 

Approximately 1,500 positions

Appointees are supervised by other political appointees and the work varies widely.

While some positions may be lower level, other Schedule C appointees may hold significant authority within their agencies.
The salaries are aligned to the 2020 General Schedule, $19,543 to $142,180.

Agencies use a candidate’s resume to classify the position and determine which grade level and pay apply.

Candidates should provide detailed resumes and be prepared to document their salary history.

Researching Jobs 

Fully understanding the requirements of the position you are seeking or being considered for is critically important. Here is a list of resources to help you research positions and pay levels, and review the responsibilities and qualifications needed for each job.

The Plum Book

The 2016 Plum Book lists more than 8,000 leadership and support positions, including the approximately 4,000 politically appointed jobs. The Plum Book also lists the location, pay scale and the name of the incumbent for each position.  

Sample Position Descriptions

The Partnership’s Center for Presidential Transition provides sample position descriptions for several hundred of the high-level positions that require Senate confirmation, which include responsibilities, requirements and competencies. 

AgencyPositionDownload
*ALLHead of Public AffairsDownload
*ALLInspector GeneralDownload
*ALLWhite House LiaisonDownload
Administrative Conference of the United StatesChairmanDownload
Central Intelligence AgencyDeputy DirectorDownload
Central Intelligence AgencyDirectorDownload
Central Intelligence AgencyGeneral CounselDownload
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation BoardChairman and Board MemberDownload
Commodity Futures Trading CommissionCommissionerDownload
Consumer Product Safety CommissionChairmanDownload
Corporation for National and Community ServiceBoard MemberDownload
Corporation for National and Community ServiceChief Executive OfficerDownload
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety BoardBoard Member and ChairmanDownload
Department of AgricultureAssistant Secretary for Civil RightsDownload
Department of AgricultureAssistant Secretary for Congressional RelationsDownload
Department of AgricultureChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of AgricultureGeneral CounselDownload
Department of AgricultureDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural ServicesDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Food, Nutrition and Consumer ServicesDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Food SafetyDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Marketing and Regulatory ProgramsDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Natural Resources and EnvironmentDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Research, Education and EconomicsDownload
Department of AgricultureUndersecretary for Rural DevelopmentDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Communications and InformationDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Economic DevelopmentDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Environmental Observation and PredictionDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Export AdministrationDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Export EnforcementDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Industry AnalysisDownload
Department of CommerceAssistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental AffairsDownload
Department of CommerceChief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary for AdministrationDownload
Department of CommerceDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of CommerceDirector General for the United States and Foreign Commercial Service and Assistant Secretary for Global MarketsDownload
Department of CommerceDirector of the CensusDownload
Department of CommerceGeneral CounselDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary of Economic AffairsDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary for Industry and SecurityDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary for Intellectual Property and Director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark OfficeDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary for International TradeDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary for Oceans and Atmosphere and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration AdministratorDownload
Department of CommerceUndersecretary for Standards and TechnologyDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for AcquisitionDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Asian and Pacific Security AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Energy, Installations and EnvironmentDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Health AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Homeland Defense and Global SecurityDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for International Security AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Legislative AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Logistics and Materiel ReadinessDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Nuclear, Chemical and Biological DefenseDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Research and EngineeringDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Special Operations and Low Intensity ConflictDownload
Department of DefenseAssistant Secretary for Strategy, Plans and CapabilitiesDownload
Department of DefenseDeputy Chief Management OfficerDownload
Department of DefenseDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of DefenseDirector of Cost Assessment and Program EvaluationDownload
Department of DefenseDirector of Operational Test and EvaluationDownload
Department of DefenseGeneral CounselDownload
Department of DefensePrincipal Deputy Undersecretary for Acquisition, Technology and LogisticsDownload
Department of DefensePrincipal Deputy Undersecretary for IntelligenceDownload
Department of DefensePrincipal Deputy Undersecretary for Personnel and ReadinessDownload
Department of DefensePrincipal Deputy Undersecretary for PolicyDownload
Department of DefensePrincipal Deputy Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller)Download
Department of DefenseUndersecretary for Acquisition, Technology, and LogisticsDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary for Business Management and InformationDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary for IntelligenceDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary for Personnel and ReadinessDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary for PolicyDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary of Defense (Comptroller)Download
Department of DefenseSecretary of the Air ForceDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary of the Air ForceDownload
Department of DefenseAir Force Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Technology and LogisticsDownload
Department of DefenseAir Force Assistant Secretary for Financial Management and ComptrollerDownload
Department of DefenseAir Force Assistant Secretary for Installations, Environment and EnergyDownload
Department of DefenseAir Force Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseAir Force General CounselDownload
Department of DefenseSecretary of the ArmyDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary of the ArmyDownload
Department of DefenseArmy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics And TechnologyDownload
Department of DefenseArmy Assistant Secretary for Civil WorksDownload
Department of DefenseArmy Assistant Secretary for Financial ManagementDownload
Department of DefenseArmy Assistant Secretary for Installations, Energy and EnvironmentDownload
Department of DefenseArmy Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseArmy General CounselDownload
Department of DefenseSecretary of the NavyDownload
Department of DefenseUndersecretary of the NavyDownload
Department of DefenseNavy Assistant Secretary for Energy, Installations and EnvironmentDownload
Department of DefenseNavy Assistant Secretary for Financial Management and ComptrollerDownload
Department of DefenseNavy Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve AffairsDownload
Department of DefenseNavy Assistant Secretary for Research, Development and AcquisitionDownload
Department of DefenseNavy General CounselDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Career, Technical and Adult EducationDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Civil RightsDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Communications and OutreachDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary EducationDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Legislation and Congressional AffairsDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Planning, Evaluation and Policy DevelopmentDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Postsecondary EducationDownload
Department of EducationAssistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative ServicesDownload
Department of EducationChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of EducationCommissioner of the Rehabilitation Services AdministrationDownload
Department of EducationDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of EducationDirector of the Institute of Education SciencesDownload
Department of EducationGeneral CounselDownload
Department of EducationUndersecretaryDownload
Department of EnergyAdministrator of the Energy Information AdministrationDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental AffairsDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy ReliabilityDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable EnergyDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Environmental ManagementDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Fossil EnergyDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for International AffairsDownload
Department of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Nuclear EnergyDownload
Department of EnergyChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of EnergyDirector of the Advanced Research Projects AgencyÐEnergy (Arpa-E)Download
Department of EnergyDirector of the Office of Minority Economic ImpactDownload
Department of EnergyDeputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear NonproliferationDownload
Department of EnergyDeputy Administrator for Defense Programs, National Nuclear Security AdministrationDownload
Department of EnergyDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of EnergyDirector of the Office of ScienceDownload
Department of EnergyGeneral CounselDownload
Department of EnergyPrincipal Deputy Administrator of the National Nuclear Security AdministrationDownload
Department of EnergyUndersecretary for Management and PerformanceDownload
Department of EnergyUndersecretary for Nuclear Security, Administrator for Nuclear SecurityDownload
Department of EnergyUndersecretary for Science and EnergyDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAdministrator, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid ServicesDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAdministrator of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services AdministrationDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for AgingDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for Children and FamiliesDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for HealthDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for Planning and EvaluationDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesCommissioner of the Administration for Children, Youth and FamiliesDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesCommissioner of the Administration for Native AmericansDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesDirector, National Institutes of HealthDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for Financial ResourcesDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for LegislationDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesCommissioner of Food and DrugsDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesGeneral CounselDownload
Department of Health and Human ServicesAssistant Secretary for Preparedness and ResponseDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityAdministrator, Federal Emergency Management AgencyDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityAssistant Secretary for PolicyDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityDeputy Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management AgencyDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityDeputy Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency for Protection and National PreparednessDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityGeneral CounselDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityUndersecretary for Intelligence and AnalysisDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityUndersecretary for ManagementDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityUndersecretary for National Protection and Programs DirectorateDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityUndersecretary for Science and TechnologyDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityAdministrator, Transportation Security AdministrationDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityDirector, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration ServicesDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityCommissioner, United States Customs and Border ProtectionDownload
Department of Homeland SecurityAssistant Secretary, Immigration and Customs EnforcementDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Community Planning and DevelopmentDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Administration and Chief Human Capital OfficerDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Policy Development and ResearchDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental RelationsDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal OpportunityDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Housing and Federal Housing CommissionerDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentAssistant Secretary for Public and Indian HousingDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentGeneral CounselDownload
Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentPresident of the Government National Mortgage AssociationDownload
Department of JusticeAdministrator, Drug Enforcement AdministrationDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Criminal DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Antitrust DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Civil DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Civil Rights DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Environment and Natural Resources DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Justice ProgramsDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Legal PolicyDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, National Security DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Office of Legal CounselDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Office of Legislative AffairsDownload
Department of JusticeAssistant Attorney General, Tax DivisionDownload
Department of JusticeAssociate Attorney GeneralDownload
Department of JusticeAttorney GeneralDownload
Department of JusticeChairman of the Foreign Claims Settlement CommissionDownload
Department of JusticeCommissioner of the United States Parole CommissionDownload
Department of JusticeDeputy Attorney GeneralDownload
Department of JusticeDirector of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and ExplosivesDownload
Department of JusticeDirector of the Community Relations ServiceDownload
Department of JusticeDirector of the Office of Violence Against WomenDownload
Department of JusticeDirector of the United States Marshals ServiceDownload
Department of JusticeSolicitor GeneralDownload
Department of LaborAdministrator of the Wage and Hour DivisionDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental AffairsDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Employee Benefits SecurityDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Employment and TrainingDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Disability Employment PolicyDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Mine Safety and HealthDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and HealthDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for PolicyDownload
Department of LaborAssistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and TrainingDownload
Department of LaborCommissioner Of Labor StatisticsDownload
Department of LaborDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of LaborChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of LaborSolicitorDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for African AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Arms Control, Verification and ComplianceDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Conflict and Stabilization OperationsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Democracy, Consular AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights and LaborDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Diplomatic SecurityDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Economic and Business AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Energy ResourcesDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for European and Eurasian AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Intelligence and ResearchDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for International Narcotics and Law EnforcementDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for International Organization AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for International Security and NonproliferationDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Legislative AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Near Eastern AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Political-Military AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Population, Refugees and MigrationDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for South and Central Asian AffairsDownload
Department of StateAssistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere AffairsDownload
Department of StateChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of StateChief of ProtocolDownload
Department of StateCoordinator for CounterterrorismDownload
Department of StateCoordinator for Threat Reduction ProgramsDownload
Department of StateDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of StateDeputy Secretary for Management and ResourcesDownload
Department of StateDirector General of the Foreign Service Director of Human ResourcesDownload
Department of StateDirector of Policy PlanningDownload
Department of StateDirector of the Office of Foreign MissionsDownload
Department of StateDirector of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in PersonsDownload
Department of StateLegal AdviserDownload
Department of StatePermanent Representative of U.S. to the Organization of American StatesDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for Arms Control and Security AffairsDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for Civilian Security, Democracy and Human RightsDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for Economic Growth, Energy and EnvironmentDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for ManagementDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for Political AffairsDownload
Department of StateUndersecretary for Public DiplomacyDownload
Department of StateU.S. Deputy Permanent Representative to the United NationsDownload
Department of StateU.S. Representative to the European UnionDownload
Department of StateU.S. Representative to the United NationsDownload
Department of StateU.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy AgencyDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife and ParksDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary of Indian AffairsDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary of Insular AreasDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary for Land and Minerals ManagementDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary for Policy, Management and BudgetDownload
Department of the InteriorAssistant Secretary for Water and ScienceDownload
Department of the InteriorCommissioner of the Bureau of ReclamationDownload
Department of the InteriorDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of the InteriorDirector of the Bureau of Land ManagementDownload
Department of the InteriorDirector of the National Park ServiceDownload
Department of the InteriorDirector of the Office of Surface MiningDownload
Department of the InteriorDirector of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceDownload
Department of the InteriorDirector of the U.S. Geological SurveyDownload
Department of the InteriorSolicitorDownload
Department of the InteriorSpecial Trustee for American IndiansDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Economic PolicyDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Financial InstitutionsDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Financial StabilityDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Financial MarketsDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for International Markets and DevelopmentDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Tax PolicyDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Intelligence and AnalysisDownload
Department of the TreasuryAssistant Secretary for Terrorist FinancingDownload
Department of the TreasuryChief Counsel of the Internal Revenue ServiceDownload
Department of the TreasuryChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of the TreasuryCommissioner of the Internal Revenue ServiceDownload
Department of the TreasuryComptroller of the CurrencyDownload
Department of the TreasuryDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of the TreasuryDeputy Undersecretary-Designated Assistant Secretary for International FinanceDownload
Department of the TreasuryDeputy Undersecretary (Assistant Secretary) for Legislative AffairsDownload
Department of the TreasuryDirector of the MintDownload
Department of the TreasuryGeneral CounselDownload
Department of the TreasuryMember of the Internal Revenue Service Oversight BoardDownload
Department of the TreasuryUndersecretary for Domestic FinanceDownload
Department of the TreasuryUndersecretary for International AffairsDownload
Department of the TreasuryUndersecretary for Terrorism and Financial IntelligenceDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Federal Aviation AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Federal Highway AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Federal Railroad AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Federal Transit AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Maritime AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAdministrator of the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationAssistant Secretary for Aviation and International AffairsDownload
Department of TransportationAssistant Secretary for Budget and Programs and Chief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of TransportationAssistant Secretary for Governmental AffairsDownload
Department of TransportationAssistant Secretary for Research and TechnologyDownload
Department of TransportationAssistant Secretary for Transportation PolicyDownload
Department of TransportationBoard Member and Chairman of the Surface Transportation BoardDownload
Department of TransportationDeputy Administrator for the Federal Highway AdministrationDownload
Department of TransportationDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of TransportationGeneral CounselDownload
Department of TransportationUndersecretary for PolicyDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsAssistant Secretary for Congressional and Legislative AffairsDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsAssistant Secretary for Information and TechnologyDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsAssistant Secretary for Policy and PlanningDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsChairman of the Board of VeteransÝ AppealsDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsChief Financial OfficerDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsDeputy SecretaryDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsGeneral CounselDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsUndersecretary for BenefitsDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsUndersecretary for HealthDownload
Department of Veterans AffairsUndersecretary for Memorial AffairsDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAdministratorDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Administration and Resources ManagementDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Air and RadiationDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Chemical Safety and Pollution PreventionDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance AssuranceDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Environmental InformationDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for International and Tribal AffairsDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Land and Emergency ManagementDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for Research and DevelopmentDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyAssistant Administrator for WaterDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyChief Financial OfficerDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyDeputy AdministratorDownload
Environmental Protection AgencyGeneral CounselDownload
Equal Employment Opportunity CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAdministrator, Office of Federal Procurement PolicyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAdministrator, Office of Information And Regulatory AffairsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the First LadyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Chief of Staff to the Vice PresidentDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Chief Technology OfficerDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Counsel to the PresidentDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Director of CommunicationsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Director of SpeechwritingDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President and Director of the Office of Legislative AffairsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssistant to the President for Management and AdministrationDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssociate Director for Legislative Affairs, Office of Management and BudgetDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentAssociate Director, Office of Science and Technology PolicyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentCabinet AffairsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentChairman, Council of Economic AdvisorsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentController, Office of Federal Financial ManagementDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDeputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental AffairsDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDeputy Director for Management, Office of Management and BudgetDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDeputy Director, Office of Management and BudgetDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDeputy U.S. Trade RepresentativeDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDirector, Office of Management and BudgetDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDirector, Office of National Drug Control PolicyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDirector, Office of Science and Technology PolicyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDirector of Presidential PersonnelDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentDirector of Projects for the First LadyDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentExecutive Secretary and Chief of Staff of the National Security CouncilDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentPress SecretaryDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentStaff SecretaryDownload
Executive Office of the PresidentUnited States Trade RepresentativeDownload
Export-Import BankBoard MemberDownload
Farm Credit AdministrationChairman and Board MemberDownload
Federal Communications CommissionCommissionerDownload
Federal Deposit Insurance CorporationBoard Member and ChairDownload
Federal Deposit Insurance CorporationChair of the Board of DirectorsDownload
Federal Election CommissionCommissionerDownload
Federal Energy Regulatory CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
Federal Labor Relation AuthorityMemberDownload
Federal Mediation and Conciliation ServiceDirectorDownload
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
Federal Reserve SystemGovernorDownload
Federal Trade CommissionChairDownload
Federal Trade CommissionCommissionerDownload
General Services AdministrationAdministratorDownload
General Services AdministrationAssociate Administrator for Strategic CommunicationDownload
General Services AdministrationGeneral CounselDownload
International Broadcasting BureauDirectorDownload
International Joint CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
Merit Systems Protection BoardChairman and MemberDownload
Millennium Challenge CorporationChief Executive OfficerDownload
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationAdministratorDownload
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationChief Financial OfficerDownload
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationDeputy AdministratorDownload
National Credit Union AssociationChairman and Board MemberDownload
National Labor Relations BoardBoard MemberDownload
National Science FoundationDeputy DirectorDownload
National Security AgencyGeneral CounselDownload
National Transportation Safety BoardChairmanDownload
Northern Border Regional CommissionFederal Co-ChairpersonDownload
Nuclear Regulatory CommissionChairmanDownload
Occupational Safety and Health Review CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
Office of Government EthicsDirectorDownload
Office of Personnel ManagementDeputy DirectorDownload
Office of Personnel ManagementDirectorDownload
Office of Special CounselSpecial CounselDownload
Office of the Director of National IntelligenceDirectorDownload
Office of the Director of National IntelligenceDirector of National Counterterrorism CenterDownload
Office of the Director of National IntelligenceGeneral CounselDownload
Office of the Director of National IntelligencePrincipal Deputy DirectorDownload
Overseas Private Investment CorporationExecutive Vice PresidentDownload
Overseas Private Investment CorporationPresident and CEODownload
Peace CorpsDeputy DirectorDownload
Peace CorpsDirectorDownload
Securities and Exchange CommissionCommissionerDownload
Small Business AdministrationAdministratorDownload
Small Business AdministrationChief Counsel for AdvocacyDownload
Small Business AdministrationDeputy AdministratorDownload
Social Security AdministrationCommissionerDownload
Social Security AdministrationDeputy CommissionerDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAdministratorDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for AfricaDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for AsiaDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian AssistanceDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Economic Growth, Education and EnvironmentDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Europe and EurasiaDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Global HealthDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Latin America and the CaribbeanDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for Legislative and Public AffairsDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentAssistant Administrator for the Middle EastDownload
United States Agency for International DevelopmentDeputy AdministratorDownload
United States Election Assistance CommissionCommissionerDownload
United States International Trade CommissionChairman and CommissionerDownload
United States Postal ServiceChair of the Board of GovernorsDownload
United States Trade and Development AgencyDirectorDownload
Additional Resources
  • For positions in the White House, see its Annual Report to Congress in 2020 and 2016. The White House Transition Project’s staffing charts also list positions in previous administrations.
  • Tech Talent for a 21st Century Government describes appointee positions that play key roles in modernizing federal technology.
  • The Prune Book lists some of the most important yet challenging management positions.
  • The Business Executives for National Security lists the top 50 national security positions.
  • The United States Government Manual provides information on all federal agencies and organizations, as well as the numerous boards, commissions and committees. The manual describes the responsibilities of the major offices within agencies and subcomponents. An organization chart of the U.S. government illustrates how they all fit together.
  • Federal Workforce Figures provides a high-level profile of the federal workforce, its roles and demographics.
  • Every administration needs to fill positions requiring functional expertise in areas such as:
    • Management and Administration.
    • Financial Management and Budget.
    • Human Capital/Human Resources.
    • Information Technology.
    • Legal Affairs.
    • Public Affairs/Communications.
    • Legislative Affairs.
    • Chief Scientists.
    • Policy/Regulatory.

Top Tips

Be specific about which jobs interest you. 
Identify three to five positions at agencies where you can add the most value based on your skills and experience.

Do your homework.
Research positions and agencies you are interested in. Evaluate whether you are well-qualified to do the jobs you have identified. Be flexible, but do not pursue positions where you would not be a good fit.

Keep your expectations realistic.
There is intense competition for these jobs. In past transitions, hundreds of thousands of individuals applied to fill the roughly 4,000 positions.

Become familiar with the pay levels.
Know what level of pay to expect and consider the cost of moving to and living in Washington, D.C. White House salaries are constrained by a limited budget, so are often lower than those in the federal agencies.

Expect differences from other sectors.
Perks that may be customary in some industries are often not provided by the federal government. For example, many agencies do not provide relocation costs to appointees who move to Washington. Presidential appointees are not eligible for bonuses.

Be comfortable serving “at the pleasure of the president.” 
This is comparable to “at will” employment in the private sector where one may be asked to resign or be dismissed at any time. Political appointees are expected to perform effectively and support the agency leadership and/or the administration at all times.

Update public profiles. 
Make sure your profiles, such as LinkedIn, are updated with your most accurate and recent information.

NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden at Kennedy Space Center.
Alex Brandon/AP/Shutterstock
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, National Security Advisor Condoleeza Rice and White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card in the Oval Office.
Shawn Thew/EPA/Shutterstock

Employee Benefits

Political appointees receive similar benefits as the career civil service employees, including the same health care plans.  

Appointees in Non-Career Senior Executive Service and Schedule C positions earn vacation and sick leave at the same rates as SES or General Schedule employees. However, PA and PAS positions are not part of the federal leave system and individuals in these jobs do not earn vacation and sick leave.  

All appointees participate in the Federal Employee Retirement System and contribute 4.4% of their pay annually.  

Individuals moving from congressional offices to the executive branch should be aware that the employment benefit packages may differ. 

Appointees are encouraged to obtain federal managers liability insurance. You may be reimbursed for up to 50% of the insurance premium, subject to the availability of appropriations.